What Kind Of Services Does A CRO Provide?

In my process of launching my own CRO startup, I have broken down what a CRO typically does into tiny manageable chunks that we can look into and learn from.  New business models are created when inefficiencies are discovered in the previous ones.  In fact, the inefficiencies of the drugmakers during the clinical trial process is precisely what paved the way for modern day CRO's.  These days, the riches are in the niches as new inefficiencies emerge due to new technologies.